English Literature
at a glance by © Norbert Otto

1. The Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066)

2. The middle English period (1066-1500)

3. The Renaissance (1500- 1660)
Authors: William Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, Edmund Spenser
  Poetry: William Shakespeare: Sonnets
Andrew Marvell: To his coy mistress

4. Neoclassical period (1660-1798)
  Poets: Alexander Pope > (couplets which contain moral precepts summing up the rational notions of the early decades of the century)
Delightful satires: "The Rape of the Lock" , "The Dunciad".
In “Rape of the Lock” he mocks the whole of the fashionable society of the eighteenth century.
    Jonathan Swift > (poems on the folly of love): “Lady´s Dressing room”, “Strephon and Chloe”, “Cassinus and Peter “
    William Cowper > ( poet of nature) : “The task”
    Robert Burns > ( peasant poet): He wrote in two distinct styles: as a cultivated English poet and the rougher and more earthly style of his own land.
       
  Prose Writer: Daniel Defoe:
Henry Fielding:
Samuel Richardson:
Jonathan Swift:
Laurence Sterne
John Bunyan
Robinson Cruoe, Moll Flanders
Tom Jones, Joseph Andrews
Pamela
Gulliver´s Travels
Tristram Shandy
The Pilgrim´s Progress

5. Romantic period (1798-1837)    
  Poets: William Wordswith

He uses the language of ordinary people ; the poet should be inspired by legend, feeling and imagination; the poet was to be a prophet proclaiming the beauty and splendour of life and nature.) London 1802, Ode: Intimations of Immortality
  John Keats: Ode on a Grecian Urn  
  William Blake: The Tyger, London  
  Coleridge, S.T.: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner  
  Shelley P.B.: Ozymandias  
  Lord Byron: Cantos aus Don Juan  
       
  Prose Writer: Jane Austen : Pride and Prejudice, Emma, Lady Susan

6. Victorian period (1837 – 1901)    
  Poet: Alfred (Lord) Tennyson: Ulysses
    Robert Browning: My last duchess. Here the writer uses dramatic monologue which reveals his pride, his jealousy and his murder
  Prose Writer: Charles Dickens : Great Expectations, Hard Times, Oliver Twist :
  Thomas Hardy : An exponent of pessimistic realism: Jude the Obscure, Tess of the D´ Urbervilles  
  George Eliot: The mill on the floss  

7. Modern period (1914- 1939)    
  Poets: T. S. Eliot : The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock: (records the inner monologue of an elderly neurotic bachelor; irony and satirical descriptions dominate, contrasts the trivial present with the meaningful past)
The waste land, Hollow Men, Sweeney Among the Nightingales, Gerontion
  Thomas Dylan Do not go gentle in that good night.  
  W.H.Auden Lay Your sleeping Head my Love  
       
  Drama Writers: T.S. Eliot: The Waste Land, The Rock, Murder in the Cathedral, Cocktail Party, The Elder Statesman
       
  Novel-writers: Joseph Conrad: Lord Jim (his finest novel) The Heart of Darkness
Conrad uses a complicated narrative technique that includes an omniscient narrator, a sceptical commentator and “fatual reports by Jim himself),
  James Joyce : A Portrait of the Artist as a young man , Ulysses, Dubliners  
  Virginia Woolf: Jacob´s room (first novel), Mrs Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, The Waves
She uses interior monologue in a stream of consciousness technique to depict the inner life of her characters.
 

8. Post modern period (1939- )    
  Metafiction : Erzählkunst, die ihre eigene Erzählkunst thematisiert und oftmals verschiedene Auswahlmöglichkeiten gibt, wie die Geschichte enden könnte.
  Authors: John Fowlers, A.S. Byott    
       
  Novel-writers: George Orwell: Animal farm, 1984
  Graham Greene: The Third Man, The Heart of the Matter, The End of the Affair  
  Anthony Burgess: Clockwork Orange, Earthly Powers